ERIC Number: ED409327
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
The Effect of a Cooperative Learning Unit on the Social Skill Enhancement of Third Grade Physical Education Students.
Smith, Barbara T.; Karp, Grace Goc
Cooperative learning and its effect on social skill enhancement and participation of third grade students in the setting of physical education class were studied. A pilot study with 16 third graders studied whether students exhibiting undesirable behavior could be identified through observation and provided information used to develop a cooperative learning curriculum. Of the 22 third graders participating (from a class of 24) in the study and intervention, 8 identified as having undesirable social skills were targeted. The intervention included cooperative learning and team-building activities and strategies in the context of the physical education class. Interviews were conducted with seven targeted students (one moved away during the intervention) and eight comparison students. Teachers rated the students before and after the intervention. Teacher ratings demonstrated no statistically significant changes in pre- and post-intervention scores, although a positive change appeared in social reasoning and a negative change in cooperative behavior. Classroom behavior scores were lower after the intervention, perhaps because the classroom teacher maintained a traditional classroom. Peer ratings did not suggest that students changed their social status as a consequence of the intervention. The intervention did provide the students with behavior problems some opportunities for empowerment, but they were not always able to put this empowerment to use socially. The cooperative activities enhanced social skills, but simply learning the skills was not enough to guarantee social success. (Contains 1 table, 7 figures, and 32 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).