ERIC Number: ED409284
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Effects of Organizational Role and Culture on Participation in Continuing Professional Education.
Grzyb, Stanley W.; And Others
This study extends the investigation of professionals' reasons for participation in continuing education beyond personal and practice-based factors into the arena of organizational structure and culture. The Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and the Respondent Information Form (RIF) were used to examine the motives influencing Army Engineers (N=400) participation in voluntary, civilian continuing professional education (CPE). The study examined three questions: the subjects reasons for participating in voluntary continuing education; the extent to which these reasons differ according to selected personal and practice-based factors that have been the focus of previous research; and the influence of organizational factors on these reasons. Factor analysis identified five general reasons for participation similar to those in other professions: professional improvement and development, personal development and job security, improvement of service to customers, professional identity/perspective, and competence and collegial interaction. However, contrary to previous research, variables measuring educational preparation, roles, occupational specialization, and extraneous variables were not related to the engineers' reasons for participation. Subsequent interviews with 14 Army Engineers provided evidence that their reasons for participation were influenced by the effects of organizational and professional culture and changing workplace dynamics. General themes that emerged include: the influence of the military and Army Engineer culture; job competitiveness/career stability; and role diffusion. Further attention to internal and external organizational factors is recommended in future study of participation in CPE. (Contains 51 references.) (JT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).