ERIC Number: ED409252
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Investments in Schooling: The Roles of Gender and Resources in Urban Brazil. Labor and Population Program Working Paper Series 96-02.
Thomas, Duncan; And Others
This study examines the rate of educational attainment of women in Brazil. There have been dramatic increases in women's educational attainment, where today women are better educated than men. The study explores the importance of education and income of mothers and fathers in explaining the growth that has occurred. Maternal education has a bigger impact on schooling of children and a bigger impact on education of daughters, relative to sons. Paternal education has a greater impact on education of sons. One explanation for these differences is that parents do not pool income when allocating household resources. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the differential impact of maternal income on schooling of daughters relative to sons with differences in the impact of paternal income on the education of sons relative to daughters. The data were drawn from the 1982 "Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilos (PNAD), a very large household labor force survey in Brazil. After controlling for a household fixed effect, these "differences-in-differences" are significant indicators that income-pooling is not consistent with the data. Contains 49 references. (Author/EH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: Brazil