ERIC Number: ED409135
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
The Four Circles of Hollow Water. Aboriginal Peoples Collection.
Sivell-Ferri, Christine; And Others
This report examines the Community Holistic Circle Healing (CHCH) model, an innovative approach to intervention adopted by the First Nations Hollow Water Community (Canada) for sex offenders, their victims, and their community. The first section, "Ojibwa Circle," overviews traditional Ojibwa culture, sex roles, child rearing practices, and how Native parents traditionally taught their children about sexuality. This section also discusses how European contact and colonization, Christianity, and residential schools contributed to the traumatization of First Nations communities and to the increase in individual and community illness. The second section, "Offenders Circle," describes the characteristics of adult and juvenile sex offenders, methods of assessment, cognitive behavioral therapy for non-Aboriginal offenders, and its applicability to Aboriginal offenders. For example, the non-Aboriginal response is to treat offenders and victims separately, largely neglecting reintegration within the community. However, the people of Hollow Water do not believe that incarceration is effective and opt to treat sex offenders along with their victims within the community. The third section, "Victim Circle," addresses how individuals are victimized by sexual abuse and how victims and communities react to victimization. This section describes the process of the CHCH model and highlights differences between traditional clinical approaches to treating sexual offenders and CHCH. In the last section, "Hollow Water Circle," personal narratives of individuals who have been closely involved with the development and implementation of CHCH describe how this approach reflects the Ojibwa culture and its values. Each section contains a bibliography, suggested reading materials, and additional resources. (LP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of the Solicitor General, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada