ERIC Number: ED409128
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Ohio School Expenditure and Student Achievement. Special Circular 147.
McCracken, J. David; Peasley, Donald D.
Four studies examined financial and achievement issues in rural Ohio school districts. Based on both county population and location relative to a metropolitan statistical area, schools were assigned to five location categories: rural, semirural, rural/suburban, suburban, and urban. Study 1 examined financial characteristics of the 73 rural Ohio districts and found that per-pupil expenditures ranged from $2300 to $3500, with a median of $2665, and were a function of both financial effort and financial ability. Study 2, involving all 612 Ohio districts, found that rural/suburban schools had the highest level of student achievement; urban and suburban districts had a greater capacity to generate revenue and expended more financial effort to support schools than did the other three categories; and school location was unrelated to student achievement when financial ability and financial effort variables were controlled. Study 3 looked at standardized test scores for grades 4-9 and found that rural/suburban and urban schools had the highest scores and also the greatest variances. Rural/suburban and suburban schools had nearly equivalent levels of achievement, suggesting that proximity to an urban area may be more important than population density for student achievement. It is noted that rural/suburban schools do more with less than any other category. Study 4 was descriptive in nature and outlined differences between location categories for various measures of financial ability and financial effort. Contains 20 references and 11 data tables and figures. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster.; Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Agricultural Education.
Identifiers - Location: Ohio