ERIC Number: ED409125
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Fathers' Involvement in Their Children's Schools.
Nord, Christine Winquist; And Others
Noting the relatively few studies that have examined the individual contributions that mothers and fathers make to their children's schooling, this study examined the extent to which resident (excluding foster) and nonresident fathers are involved in their children's schools, and the influence their involvement has on how their children are doing in school. Information on school involvement was obtained from the parents of 16,910 kindergartners through 12th graders, as part of the National Household Education Survey. Respondents were asked which adults in the household had participated in four types of school activities (general school meeting, scheduled parent-teacher conference, school or class events, volunteer opportunities at the school) and where appropriate, about the children's contact with their nonresident parent and whether the nonresident parent had participated in school activities. Among the findings are the following: (1) in two-parent families the most common activity in which parents participate is a general school meeting such as back-to-school night; (2) fathers in two-parent families are substantially less likely than mothers in either type of family or fathers in single-parent families to participate in the four types of activities; (3) fathers who head single-parent families have school involvement patterns that are very similar to those of mothers who head single parent families; (4) mothers and fathers in both types of families tended to decrease their involvement as children move from elementary to middle to high school; (5) parental involvement in schools is higher for children in families living above the poverty threshold and not receiving federal assistance than in families that experience economic difficulties, and this is true in both two-parent and single-mother families, though the differences are larger in two-parent families; (6) fathers are more likely to be highly involved as mothers' involvement increases, and vice versa; and (7) the involvement of nonresident fathers appears to be particularly important for children in grades 6-12, reducing the likelihood that the children have been suspended or expelled or repeated a grade. (Two appendices include detailed tables on parental involvement by grade level, and adjusted odds ratios for ll factors included in models of student outcomes. Contains 79 references.) (HTH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Environment, Fathers, Nuclear Family, One Parent Family, Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Parent Student Relationship, Socioeconomic Influences, Stepfamily, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Westat Research, Inc., Rockville, MD.