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ERIC Number: ED409100
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Delivering Service to Teenage Mothers: Issues and Outcomes.
Brophy, Holly Elisabeth; Honig, Alice Sterling
Adolescent mothers were recruited from a local hospital and from a local social service agency to participate with their newborn infants in a home visitation program intended to increase maternal sensitivity and to support the developing mother-infant relationship. The mother-infant pairs (n=46) were randomly assigned to either a control group or to an experimental group. Experimental group mothers received weekly home visits for 3 months. A post-program follow-up visit was made 2 months after program end. Control group participants received three visits: at program entry, immediately post-program, and 2 months post-program. Teaching episodes and free play episodes were videotaped across the three time periods. In addition to mother-infant interaction assessment, adolescent mothers completed an open-ended early experiences interview based on their recollections of events during childhood. Results indicated no significant differences between experimental and control groups in parenting skills as a function of program participation. However, clinical risk status, based on observations and detailed home visit notes made independent of other assessments, proved to be significantly related to parenting behaviors. Mothers identified as higher risk for poor parenting outcomes scored consistently lower on measures of maternal sensitivity and responsivity, cognitive growth fostering skills, and social and emotional growth fostering skills in both free play and teaching episodes. Also, the importance of maternal reflectivity was impressive. Maternal reflectivity about her own, past family experiences was found to be more significantly associated with sensitive current parenting practices than participation in a brief home visitation program. (Contains 28 references.) (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A