ERIC Number: ED409066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Articulation and Transfer: Critical Contributions to Lifelong Learning.
Kintzer, Frederick C.
Articulation can be understood as the processes and relationships involved in the vertical and lateral movement of students throughout a formal education system. Transfer, or the mechanics of credit, course, and curriculum exchange, is one process of articulation, while lifelong learning incorporates experiential learning and continuing education units into articulation policies and strategies. Short-cycle institutions, known variously as community colleges, polytechnic institutions, or institutes of technology, play a significant role in linking lower and higher education. These institutions are instrumental in the horizontal and vertical transfer of students, including regular academic transfers, stopouts, adults interested in lifelong learning or transferring credits from work experience, and underprepared students. Four types of transfer agreements exist between institutions: formal and legally based guidelines and policies, special statewide agreements on vocational-technical credit transfer, state system policies, and voluntary agreements among systems or individual institutions. Assessment procedures for experiential learning, including the use of student portfolios, have been developed, although procedures for exchanging such credits have been slow to develop due to the volume and diversity of such experiences. Although it is difficult to forecast the future of articulation, it is likely that programs will have to adapt to new student populations, the growth of business-sponsored training programs, new technologies, and declining funding. Contains 21 references. (HAA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A