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ERIC Number: ED408953
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Tri-Coding of Information.
Simpson, Timothy J.
Paivio's Dual Coding Theory has received widespread recognition for its connection between visual and aural channels of internal information processing. The use of only two channels, however, cannot satisfactorily explain the effects witnessed every day. This paper presents a study suggesting the presence a third, kinesthetic channel, currently used by Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) practitioners. According to the concept of NLP, a person facing a stimulus has a reaction which results from their past experience, their understanding, and their training; these associations control their actions and behaviors, at both the voluntary and involuntary levels. In this project, information on how subjects were processing information was drawn using the NLP calibration techniques of eye accessing, breathing, and skin color. These were correlated with the way the stimuli were presented, the subject's chosen processing modality, gender, level of education, and age. Subjects in the first part were 25 people ranging in age from 16 to 53; in the second part, subjects were 11 people ranging in age from 5 to 16. Each subject participated in a screening interview and was then asked to (1) listen to a 4-minute audio recording of a transcribed radio drama, and (2) participate in a 3-minute dialogue with two confederates who were working from a script designed to actively involve the subject emotionally. The best indication that comes from the results is support for the idea that people use three modalities of information processing, which supports the contentions of NLP practitioners that we are creatures of our emotions and feelings as much as of our words and visual images when it comes to the internal processing of information. (Contains 15 references.) (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A