ERIC Number: ED408850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
The Expression of the Instrumental Case in English, Hungarian, Kongo, and Nepali.
Zehr, Stanley J.
An analysis of the instrumental case in four languages (English, Hungarian, Kongo, and Nepali) compares expressions of each of the deep cases of instrumentality (tool, body part, material, and force) in each language. Observations are based on a translation exercise given to native speakers of the languages and on follow-up interviews. The translation sentences included: "she caught the fish with a net"; "he hit the bird with a stone"; "they guarded their house with dogs"; "she cut the string with her teeth"; he paid for the meal with cash"; "the sun filled the room with light"; "he plowed the field with a horse"; "they traveled by plane"; "he made the furniture with wood"; "they put out the fire with water and dirt"; and "they farmed the land with slaves." It was found that instrumentality was manifested in a wide variety of ways, sometimes comparable to other languages and sometimes not. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A