ERIC Number: ED408814
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Jun-6
The Infant Care Project: A Mother-Child Intervention Model Directed at Cocaine Use during Pregnancy. Final Report.
O'Donnell, Karen J.; And Others
This final report discusses the outcomes of the federally funded Infant Care Project (ICP) that provided comprehensive and continuous services to 99 women who had used cocaine during pregnancy and their infants. The ICP model combined high risk obstetric care, infant and child development services, and substance abuse services on site in the health care setting. The objectives and activities of the ICP addressed: (1) prenatal identification and intervention in substance abuse, fetal development, mother-child relationship, and family support; (2) newborn assessment and intervention in substance abuse, infant development, mother-child relationship, and family support; (3) follow-up assessment and intervention in the same areas; (4) intervention/training with community agencies that provide care for substance abusing families and their infants; (5) the coordination of an interagency group for families with substance abuse disorders; and (6) a 2-year replication of the ICP in a community health department. Evaluation data indicate that participation in the project was associated with improved compliance with prenatal care, reduced drug use during pregnancy, improved obstetric outcomes, and an increased likelihood of the mother retaining custody at 12 months postpartum. Child developmental outcomes at 12 months were similar for those recruited prenatally and the controls who had no drug use. (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC. Medical Center.