ERIC Number: ED408796
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Oct
The Use of Advance Visual Markers (AVMs) To Teach English Syntax to the Deaf. The AVM Project: Final Report.
Fogel, Nancy S.
This final report describes an effective, computer-based method of communicating new syntactic knowledge to students with deafness. "Choosing AVMs," the first intervention developed on the Macintosh computer, used advanced visual markers (AVMs) (icons) to communicate the essence of the syntactical structure to be taught by: (1) capturing facial expressions that are used as linguistic markers in American Sign Language; (2) utilizing international symbols; and (3) employing other visual devices to communicate syntactic information to deaf learners who do not have the reading comprehension skills necessary to rely solely on textual clues and information. "The Yes-No Game," the second computerized intervention developed, also utilized the high resolution graphics capability of the Macintosh to achieve the visual effects essential to the instructional approach, but it emphasized visual clues other than advanced visual marker icons. Written and graphic corrective feedback responded specifically to each error that students made in building English questions, and enabled them to correct their misunderstandings. With accompanying pictures to aid comprehension, and with multiple opportunities to practice and to receive immediate visual feedback, students with deafness were able to overcome their difficulties in building yes-no questions in English. Appendices include sample screens from the programs. (Contains 46 references.) (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.