ERIC Number: ED408748
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Selective Mutism: Definition, Issues, and Treatment.
Brigham, Frederick J.; Cole, Jane E.
This paper reviews definitions and issues in selective mutism in children and summarizes results of interventions conducted and published since 1982. Definitions and diagnostic criteria of the American Psychiatric Association's "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) (1994)" and the World Health Organization's "The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders" (ICD-10) (1992) are provided. The paper briefly examines the following issues in definition and identification: amount of persistence necessary for diagnosis of selective mutism; relationship of selective mutism to extreme shyness; and effects of mutism on educational and social development. Twenty-seven original intervention studies are analyzed and summarized in 4 groupings: (1) behavioral treatments (9 studies, 13 children); (2) psychotherapy (8 studies, 11 children); (3) medical treatments (4 studies, 18 children); (4) mixed treatments (6 studies, 26 children). Summaries include information on sex distribution, definitions used, age distribution, types of assessment, and reported effectiveness. A summary of recommendations from the intervention studies concludes the paper. (Contains 32 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A