ERIC Number: ED408685
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
School Culture: A Quantitative Perspective on a Subjective Phenomenon.
Cavanaugh, Robert; Dellar, Graham B.
This paper describes a quantitative approach to the study of the culture and improvement of schools. The School Cultural Elements Questionnaire (SCEQ) was developed to measure the aspects of the interpersonal relationships among school staff, which were expected to affect schools' instructional programs. The SCEQ measures six elements of school culture that are conducive to improved student-learning outcomes, including teacher efficacy, emphasis on learning, collegiality, collaboration, shared planning, and transformational leadership. Data were gathered in two Western Australia secondary schools. The SCEQ was administered to teachers, and interviews were conducted with one-third of the teachers (in the English, mathematics, science, and social-science departments) at each school. The study found statistically significant differences between the cultures of the two schools for three of the six cultural elements. When administered one year later, the questionnaire data showed that one school underwent major cultural change with statistically significant changes in three of the six elements. By measuring aspects of schools related to their educative purposes, the SCEQ provides information to assess the readiness of schools for improvement, design improvement programs, and monitor the impact of improvement initiatives. (Contains 11 references and 8 figures.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia