ERIC Number: ED408676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Impediments to Reform: An Analysis of Destabilizing Issues in Ten Promising Programs.
Schaffer, Eugene C.; And Others
Major school-improvement efforts, despite planning, will constantly encounter a variety of problems (Louis and Miles, 1990). This paper identifies impediments to school reform that were widespread within both elementary and secondary schools with large populations of socioeconomically disadvantaged children. The paper identifies broad, overarching conditions that must be met to replicate successful programs for at-risk students. Data were gathered during the study of "Urban and Suburban/Rural Special Strategies for Educating Disadvantaged Children," a Congressionally mandated and funded study of promising school-reform efforts implemented prior to 1990 in schools with a majority population of economically disadvantaged children. The 3-year study evaluated and compared the success of 10 different programs: (1) Comer Model (School Development Program); (2) Success for All; (3) Paideia Program; (4) Coalition of Essential Schools (Sizer); (5) Schoolwide Projects; (6) Extended Year Schoolwide Projects; (7) Reading Recovery; (8) Computer Assisted Instruction; (9) Extended Time Projects; and (10) Tutoring Programs ("locally adapted"). Methods included visits to 25 program sites (2 visits per year at each school), document analysis, observation, and interviews. Ten issues appeared to hinder the successful, full implementation of each reform effort: financing; leadership; commitment; perceptions of the general public, of parents, and of students; program staffing; curriculum; political pressures; racial problems; insufficient facilities; and problems of management and scheduling. One figure is included. The appendix contains program descriptions. (Contains five references.) (LMI)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Leadership, Longitudinal Studies, Organizational Development, Politics of Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Public Opinion, Racial Relations, School Community Relationship
Educational Research Service, 2000 Clarendon Blvd., Arlington, VA 22201 (Stock No. 0245; $6, subscriber; $12, nonsubscriber; add the larger of $3.50 or 10% of purchase price for postage and handling; prepaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.; Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.