ERIC Number: ED408660
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Tracing the Flow of Human Resources across Organizational Units and Secondary School Subject Areas.
Roellke, Christopher F.
Although New York State introduced its standards-based reform over a decade ago, it remains unclear as to how local education agencies (LEAs) have reconfigured their human resources in response to these initiatives. This paper demonstrates how state-collected personnel data can be used to generate longitudinal indicators of the kinds of educational opportunities actually being delivered to students and how these opportunities have changed over time. The paper examines three structural characteristics of LEAs--district fiscal capacity, school district size, and district spending level. Data from the Basic Education Data System and the State Education Department's education-finance database were analyzed from 626 school districts for the year 1982-83, 649 districts for 1987-88, and 650 districts for 1991-92. The study found that the rate of growth in professional staffing relative to student enrollment was substantially greater in secondary schools than in elementary schools. Substantial reductions in the overall pupil load on the secondary level were found throughout the state, with the exception of New York City. The findings suggest that local districts shift resources according to state priorities, and that local school districts are able or willing to respond to some aspects of the reform agenda and not others. The examination of resource-allocation trends by selected district structural characteristics found that substantial inequalities in access to curricular opportunities existed across different types of districts. Students residing in poor, low-spending districts had less access to professional staff and rigorous instruction than their counterparts in wealthy, high-spending districts. These gaps have increased over time. Specific curricular opportunities for students appear to be contingent upon the fiscal capacity of the district in which they reside. In addition, New York City schools were particularly understaffed compared to their big city counterparts and the state as a whole. Finally, the report describes the stumbling blocks encountered when using the state-collected data. (Contains 33 references and 12 tables.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Madison, WI. Finance Center.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Madison, WI. Finance Center.
Identifiers - Location: New York