ERIC Number: ED408527
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Teenagers and Alcohol Misuse in the United States: By Any Definition, It's a Big Problem. Health Sciences Program Reprint Series 96-55D.
Ellickson, Phyllis L.; And Others
Addiction, v91 n10 p1489-1503 1996
Despite the fact that more adolescents use alcohol than any other drug, studies of teenage alcohol misuse are relatively rare. This gap is addressed in this research report which examines the prevalence and demographic predictors of teenage alcohol misuse in a diverse sample of 4,390 high school seniors and dropouts. It focuses on three different dimensions of misuse: high-risk drinking, alcohol-related problems, and high consumption, and provides prevalence estimates by gender and race/ethnicity that are weighted to represent the original seventh-grade cohort of 30 California and Oregon schools. Research findings indicate that by grade 12, nearly 70% of the teenagers exhibited some form of alcohol misuse within the past year. Two-thirds engaged in high-risk drinking and over half have experienced one or more alcohol-related problems. More stringent estimates that require variety or persistence of risky drinking and/or alcohol-related problems still capture between 40% and 54% of this population, but this approach fails to identify as many as half of these at-risk misusers. Males and females both exhibit high rates of alcohol misuse, as do most racial ethnic groups. However, African Americans and Asians are less likely to misuse alcohol than Whites and Hispanics. The results underscore the need for including different forms of alcohol misuse in prevention programs. (RJM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California; Oregon