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ERIC Number: ED408337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Achievement Attributions and Perceptions of Agency and Career among Low-Income Students.
Gama, Elizabeth Maria P.; Jesus, Denise Meyrelles de
How low-income Brazilian students explain their school performance and the predominant achievement causes were studied. The relationship between achievement attribution and school achievement and students' conceptions of choice, career, agency, and relationship with achievement were also studied, using the causal attribution theory of B. Weiner. Subjects were 93 fifth- and sixth-grade students, 45 academically successful and 48 unsuccessful. Most of them attributed their performance to internal causes. Revealing the cultural/ideological value of individual effort the predominant attributions were personal effort, study, and classroom behavior. Success is attributed to internal and controllable factors and failure to internal and uncontrollable factors. The idea of career was associated with an occupation one chooses for a whole life with effort and study. Students believed that each person has freedom to choose a life career. Discourse of these students was consistent with the liberal ideology that transmits the illusion of freedom of choice and the possibility to do whatever one might desire. In more concrete assessments like expectations of schooling and work, the discrepancy between dream and reality appeared. The number of students who dream of college was much larger than the number who believed they would actually go to college. Self-agency and destiny, although opposing ideas, co-existed for many students. This paradox is explained by the obvious contradictions in Brazil where extreme wealth and poverty exist side by side. (Contains nine tables and six references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil