ERIC Number: ED408334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Cultural Learning Environment: Validity and Application of a Questionnaire.
Waldrip, Bruce G.; Fisher, Darrell L.
A study was conducted to develop and validate an instrument to assess students' culturally sensitive environments, and to examine associations between these factors and students' attitudes. A measure of students' environment, namely the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ), was developed. The instrument was influenced by the four dimensions of culture defined by G. Hofstede (power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity/femininity) and contained eight scales. Using a sample of over 3,000 secondary students, the reliabilities of the CLEQ scales ranged from 0.69 to 0.86 and showed acceptable discrimination between the scales. The mean correlation between scales ranged from 0.04 to 0.23. Reporting the class or school mean did not appear meaningful, since the instrument was designed to measure students' personal cultural environment. An examination of the diversity of cultural environments in each classroom was indicated by examining the standard deviations of each scale for different classrooms. Relationships among students' cultural environment and attitudes were examined. (Contains 22 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).