ERIC Number: ED407980
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
Educating Welfare Recipients in California Community Colleges. Part 1: Student Characteristics, Activities, and Performance.
McIntyre, Chuck; Chan, Chueng-Rong
A study was undertaken to determine the extent to which the California Community Colleges (CCC) helped the state's welfare recipients obtain employment, increase earnings, and decrease welfare dependence. A literature review indicated that, while relatively few studies exist, community colleges do play a role in redistributing resources from wealthier taxpayers to less wealthy community college students and that the colleges do have a positive effect on graduates' earnings. Research on specific programs designed to move individuals from welfare to work, however, showed mixed results, increasing earnings but not substantially reducing welfare costs. In 1995-96, California's community colleges enrolled approximately 140,000 students receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) benefits, representing 1 in every 6 AFDC recipients in the state. These students were younger and had more prior education than welfare recipients not enrolled, but were older, more often immigrants, and more likely to have a learning disability than other community college students. In addition, students receiving welfare are well-directed and perform well. Compared to other community college students, they are more likely to seek degrees and certificates, complete courses at nearly equal rates, earn only slightly lower grade point averages, and earn degrees and certificates slightly more often. Appendices contain data tables and 23 references. (HAA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.