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ERIC Number: ED407867
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Native Bound-Morpheme Combines with Fully Nativised Borrowed Morphemes: A Highly Productive Language-Contact Feature in the Irish of Cape Clear.
O hUrdail, Roibeard
TEANGA: The Irish Yearbook of Applied Linguistics, v15 p71-80 1995
A study examines the language contact phenomenon of Irish in which a native morpheme combines with a borrowed morpheme that has become, over time, fully assimilated. One variety of this blending in Gaeltacht Irish is the substitution of "-eir" for the English-bound "-er/-ar/-or," which is then combined with nativized borrowed morphemes such as "draidhbh" (from English "drive") to form "draidhbheir" ("driver"), conforming to the morphological patterns of Irish. Patterns found in the Irish of Cape Clear are explored, using a variety of examples. It is concluded that the productivity of the morphemic blending process allows the natural bilingual a form of rule-governed creativity in language contact situations, and in Gaeltacht Irish has served to continue a centuries-old process of lexical enrichment. The reader is asked to consider whether the borrowed morpheme, fully adapted to the phonology of the borrowing language, is not preferable to adoption of the unadapted morpheme. Contains 14 notes. (MSE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland