ERIC Number: ED407852
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
JNCL Annual State Survey, 1996. An Assessment of Support for Foreign Languages, Bilingual Education, and English as a Second Language.
Owen, Laura Terese
The annual survey of the Joint National Committee for Languages (JNCL) and National Council of State Supervisors of Foreign Languages (NCSSFL) assessed state-level support for foreign language, bilingual, and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) education. Respondents were 78 employees within state departments of education and state language associations. Results indicate two-thirds of state departments of education had downsized, with language program personnel experiencing significant job losses, an average of 17 percent. Staff whose tasks are primarily or directly related to foreign language instruction averaged 1.3; the figure doubled for bilingual and ESL education. Funds were specifically allocated for foreign language programs in 73 percent of states, with average funding about level with the previous year. Fewer states allocated funds for bilingual and ESL education, but amounts were substantially higher. Respondents felt their policymakers gave the most support to foreign language programs, in both rhetoric and action, at 35.5 percent, with bilingual education receiving 23.4 percent and ESL receiving 31 percent. States reporting the most communication between state language associations and department of education also reported high agreement on policy issues. ESL and foreign language associations were more active in advocacy efforts than bilingual education counterparts, but inter-association coordination of efforts was limited. (MSE)
Descriptors: Activism, Advocacy, Bilingual Education, Employee Attitudes, English (Second Language), Government Employees, Job Layoff, Language Teachers, National Surveys, Policy Formation, Professional Associations, Public Policy, Resource Allocation, Retrenchment, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs, Staff Utilization, State Aid, State Departments of Education, State Programs, Statewide Planning
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint National Committee for Languages, Washington, DC.; National Council of State Supervisors of Foreign Languages.