ERIC Number: ED407850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jul-26
Empowering ESL Students in the Mainstream through Self Assessment and Contracted Learning.
Schraeder, Laura L.
A middle school teacher with both English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and mainstream students in her class attempted to foster learning independence by encouraging self-evaluation and examination of the learning process. Initially, this involved providing them with rubrics and checklists for assessing work on several assignments. A second step was to have students create their own evaluation tools and criteria, and for the teacher to use them for assessing their work. The students gained confidence with each step, communicating more freely with the teacher about their work and what they needed in order to complete assignments. Based on the success of this approach, the teacher created a contract for student learning. Each student researched a topic of his choice, and selected a due date for each phase of the project within a predetermined time frame. Students responded enthusiastically to the opportunity to schedule their own time and complied with their chosen dates. A majority met all their contractual obligations. It is concluded that the process empowered students by requiring them to behave responsibly, work at their own pace, supporting self-esteem, and using higher-level thinking skills. Contains 10 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A