ERIC Number: ED407821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Intervention Practices in the Retention of Competitive Employment among Individuals Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired.
Sikka, Anjoo; Stephens, Barry C.
This report discusses the results of a national study of 89 rehabilitation counselors that investigated the methods by which an individual could retain competitive employment after the onset of a significant vision loss. The purpose of the study was to identify and describe strategies that contribute to successful job retention and identify best rehabilitation practices in regard to job retention for the visually impaired. Rehabilitation counselors were interviewed who described 189 cases of which they had first-hand knowledge. The study found that as a result of retention efforts among the 189 cases reported, 88 percent of the workers with visual impairments were able to remain in their existing job setting, 2 percent were able to obtain a promotion, 25 percent experienced an increase in salary, and 67 percent had no change in salary. Data also indicate that strategies involving job site modifications were the most frequently used by counselors, particularly modifications related to access and safety issues such as changes in lighting, enlarged print, and low technology adaptations in general. Recommendations for interventions in job retention for individuals who are blind or visually impaired are made for five primary areas: technology, communication, networking, assessment, and timeliness of response to a request for intervention. (CR)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Adults, Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Blindness, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, National Surveys, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Salaries, Visual Impairments, Vocational Rehabilitation, Work Environment
Mississippi State University, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, P.O. Drawer 6189, Mississippi State, MS 39762; telephone: 601-325-2001; fax: 601-325-8989 ($15).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision.