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ERIC Number: ED407803
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Programme Improvement for Individuals with Profound Multiple Disabilities from the Theory Driven Perspective.
van Wijck, Ruud
This paper introduces an alternative to the conventional "method-oriented" approach to evaluation of interventions with people having profound/multiple intellectual disabilities (PMPID). The proposed approach uses the principles of theory-driven evaluation, based on a program theory which specifies what must be done to achieve the desired goals, what additional impacts may be anticipated, and how these goals and impacts are to be generated. The paper proposes a two-fold theory of an educational program for individuals with PMPID: that these individuals are capable of establishing meaningful relationships and that their care requires full consideration of their educational needs. The evaluation model is applied to a typical program for individuals with PMPID with the identification of concrete goals and the use of questionnaires, observations, interviews, and document analysis to evaluate four programmatic levels: information, training, support, and written directions. Application of these principles to three evaluation studies is briefly reported. (Contains 23 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual World Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disability (10th, Helsinki, Finland, July 8-13, 1996).