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ERIC Number: ED407638
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jan-23
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Children Coping with Chronic Illness.
Perez, Lissette M.
Children who live with chronic illness are confronted with challenges that frequently force them to cope in myriad ways. The ways in which children face chronic illness are summarized in this literature review. Also covered, are how the effects of family can influence coping strategies and how family members, especially parents, cope with their child's illness. Between 10 and 20 percent of children in the United States suffer from a chronic disease, such as asthma, congenital heart disease, and sickle cell disease. The literature indicates that children cope differentially at different developmental stages, with coping skills becoming more complex and more numerous as children age. The emphasis of coping strategies also changed with age. Older children tend to focus more on disease-related problems whereas younger children concentrate on pain-related problems. Family interactional patterns and mothers' health locus of control beliefs also influence the coping strategies of children, as do the child's gender, cognitive development, and stage of illness. Families benefit from outside support in which their needs are assessed and then addressed. Limitations of the studies are explored, and a summary of how a professional can enhance the coping skills of this population is given. Contains 22 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A