ERIC Number: ED407630
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Exploring the Gender-Anger Link: The Role of Setting.
Stoppard, Janet M.; Gunn Gruchy, Carla D.; Belliveau, Joyce M.; McWaid, Elva C.
Stereotypically, anger is associated more with males than females, yet self-report and observational measures have not unequivocally revealed gender-related differences in anger expression. To explore this contradiction, male (n=21)and female (n=23) college students were asked to describe anger incidents they had witnessed that involved either a known person or a stranger. Students recalled situations in which someone became angry and were then asked a series of questions regarding the incident. The gender of the person described was noted and participants were then asked to describe anger incidents involving someone of the other gender. Findings with respect to gender were mixed. When describing an incident involving a stranger, participants were more likely to recall a male than a female expressing anger. When participants described an episode involving a person known to them, a pattern more consistent with findings based on self-report and observational measures, which usually yield no gender-related differences in anger expression, was apparent. Participants were as likely to describe a male as they were to describe a female expressing anger when recalling an incident involving a known person. Findings indicate that anger may be gender-typed as masculine because men are more likely than women to express anger in public settings. Contains 13 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New Brunswick Univ., Fredericton.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (104th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 9-13, 1996).