ERIC Number: ED407605
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Skills, Competencies and Gender: Issues for Pay and Training.
Strebler, Marie; And Others
The extent to which skill and competency-based systems used by work organizations in the United Kingdom may contribute to maintenance of the pay gap between men and women was examined through a review of the following: pertinent literature from the United Kingdom and United States; 15 published case studies; current Institute for Employment Studies research on assessment/measurement of competencies; and information from a workshop at which practitioners in large public and private organizations discussed issues in using skill- and competency-based pay and training systems. Among the study's main findings were the following: (1) women are more likely than men to undervalue the skill levels of their jobs; (2) although men and women managers do not differ greatly in the competencies they possess, women are consistently rated lower on leadership ability by managers; (3) the process of translating skills/competencies to individual performance criteria is complex and liable to gender bias; (4) performance appraisal remains the main method for assessing performance; and (5) skill-based pay is less likely to cover female employees. Areas for further research were also identified. (Appended are a 59-item annotated bibliography and a summary of published case studies of pay/training systems. The bibliography contains 94 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Annotated Bibliographies, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Competence, Corporate Education, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Qualifications, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Foreign Countries, Gender Issues, Industrial Training, Job Performance, Job Skills, Literature Reviews, Merit Pay, Personnel Evaluation, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Bias, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
Grantham Book Services, Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD, England, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States