ERIC Number: ED407587
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Australian Key Competencies in an International Perspective.
Werner, Mark C.
The skills and competencies considered key to participation in Australia's society and work force and the process used to identify them were examined against the backdrop of the development of New Zealand's essential skills and generic competency developments in England and Wales, Scotland, the United States, Canada, and Germany. It was concluded that most countries' lists of generic/essential skills and competencies are similar and cover the following areas: communication; collecting, analyzing, and organizing information; planning/organization; interpersonal and social skills; numeracy; problem solving; and technological skills. The Australian key competency "cultural understandings" proved unique inasmuch as no other country has specifically developed cultural understanding as a generic skill in its own right. However, Australia's list of key competencies had no equivalent of the United Kingdom's "modern foreign language" core or New Zealand's "physical skills" essential skill. As in the United Kingdom, the development of attitudes and values as a key competency was advocated strongly by industry but rejected by the committee responsible for developing standards. Differences were found in the way individual countries define generic competencies, the number of performance levels at which competencies are defined, and the degree to which individual skills are considered generic. (Contains 37 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Comparative Analysis, Competence, Competency Based Education, Employment Qualifications, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education
National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 252 Kensington Road, Leabrook, South Australia 5068, Australia.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Dept. of Employment, Education and Training, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; Germany; New Zealand; United Kingdom; United States