ERIC Number: ED407508
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Qualifications with a Dual Orientation towards Employment and Higher Education. A Comparative Investigation of Innovative Schemes in Seven European Countries. INTEQUAL Report I.
Manning, Sabine, Ed.
The programs developed in Austria, England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden to allow vocational students to acquire qualifications with a dual orientation toward employment and higher education were characterized and compared in a study. Three groups of programs were identified: those extending over an integral part of the whole educational sector (the vocational programs/streams in Norway's and Sweden's comprehensive school systems); those referring to individual courses/qualifications (France's Baccalaureat, England's General National Vocational Qualifications, the long courses of the Netherlands' senior secondary vocational education); and those representing pilot projects within the established systems of vocational education/training (Germany). Although all programs allowed for a dual orientation, they differed in the relative weight attributed to either employment or higher education. Most programs (in England, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden) were part of the initial vocational training provided at the upper secondary level for 16-19 year olds. The following general integration strategies were recommended: separate general/theoretical subjects; vocational application of general/theoretical subjects; education and training related to transferrable skills; and action-oriented education and training (projects). (Sixteen figures are included. Appended are the following: a list of abbreviations; titles of the national case studies; information about the study's study authors and partner institutions; and a project outline.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Academic Standards, Articulation (Education), Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Employment Qualifications, Evaluation Criteria, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Integrated Curriculum, Secondary Education, Student Certification, Student Evaluation, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: WIFO (Research Forum Education and Society), Berlin (Germany).