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ERIC Number: ED407485
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr-8
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Women and Literacy: Definition of Literacy, the Causes and Manifestations of Illiteracy, and Implications for the Educator.
Lim, Joan B.
In societies with rich oral traditions in which knowledge and wisdom are transmitted by way of mouth, through recitation, song and drama, the inability to read and write does not mean ignorance or lack of intelligence. Literacy is, however, essential for gaining legal and socioeconomic rights. Literacy campaigns should therefore involve changing the existing social, political, and economic structures. Literacy is also a women's issue. Although the world illiteracy rate has decreased from 44% in 1950 to 25% in 1990, the proportion of women in the world's total nonliterate population is increasing steadily (it had increased to 60% by 1980). Among the reasons for higher illiteracy rates among women are following: the technologies of goods production, the nature of human reproduction, and institutionalization of violence in the state. Literacy teachers working with women in developing countries must first convince women of their need for literacy. Women themselves should determine their literacy programs' objectives, and literacy's benefits in terms of empowerment and social change should be explained to them. Programs should emphasize knowledge over product, and teaching materials should be relevant to women's situation and give them legal, social, and political knowledge so that they can change their condition. As in developed nations, literacy programs in developing nations should be based on two-way flow of information between students and teachers. (MN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada