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ERIC Number: ED407414
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jan-23
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Controversies regarding the Nature of Score Validity: Still Crazy after All These Years.
Gray, B. Thomas
Validity is a critically important issue with far-reaching implications for testing. The history of conceptualizations of validity over the past 50 years is reviewed, and 3 important areas of controversy are examined. First, the question of whether the three traditionally recognized types of validity should be integrated as a unitary entity of construct validity is examined. Second, the issue of the role of consequences in assessing test validity is discussed, and finally the concept that validity is a property of test scores and their interpretations, and not of tests themselves is reviewed. The shift from the "trinitarian" doctrine of content, construct, and criterion validity has meant that the distinctions between different types of validity have been replaced by recognition of the varieties of evidence required in the validation process. It is universally acknowledged that validity is a crucial consideration in evaluating tests and test applications. It is also generally stated that a true validation argument is an unending process. Exploring new ideas about the nature of validity itself is just a part of this process. (Contains 50 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A