ERIC Number: ED407322
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Evaluating Public Spending: A Framework of Public Expenditure Reviews. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 323.
This paper presents a framework for evaluating the level and composition of public expenditures, illustrated by sectoral and country examples. The paper illustrates how this framework can be applied to analyzing broad allocations of spending within and across sectors, drawing upon some key findings and country examples from major sectors (health, education, infrastructure). The report emphasizes six elements which should be an integral part of an ongoing exercise to evaluate public spending. Those elements include: (1) the aggregate level of public spending and deficit of the consolidated public sector must be consistent with the macroeconomic framework; (2) aggregate spending should be allocated to programs within and across sectors to maximize social welfare, including the impact on the poor; (3) the role of the government versus the private sector ought to be a principal criterion governing the choice of programs for public financing and provision--public expenditures should complement rather than substitute for private sector activities; (4) the impact of key programs on the poor, including their incidence and total costs, should be analyzed; (5) the input mix, or the allocations for capital and recurrent expenditures, should be analyzed in an integrated manner within programs and sectors; and (6) budgetary institutions should be analyzed to insure that the underlying incentive structure contributes to aggregate fiscal discipline, allocative efficiency and equity in the composition of spending, and technical efficiency in the use of budgeted resources. Fifteen tables (out of 49) and 5 appendices (out of 17) deal with education-related data. The paper should be useful to policymakers in developing countries, staff in donor organizations, as well as researchers working on public expenditure issues. (Author/EH)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Economics, Financial Policy, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Policy Analysis, Private Sector, Public Policy, Public Sector, Social Science Research
Distribution Unit, Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.