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ERIC Number: ED407150
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Influence of Parental Advice Giving on Children's Friendship.
Flyr, Mary L.; And Others
This study examined how parental advice-giving directly and indirectly influences children's quality of friendship with peers. Participating were 66 third graders, their classroom teachers, 66 mothers and 57 fathers, and 66 friends. All but one dyad of the target children and friend were the same gender. Teachers rated target children on peer acceptance, prosocial and disruptive behavior, verbal/physical aggression, and shy/withdrawn behavior. Parents separately read to their children four vignettes reflecting themes of ambiguous intent, group entry, relational aggression, and goal coordination. They were asked to talk about story events, discuss possible actions, and advise their child on the best thing to do next. Target children and their friends participated in free and structured play, a discussion, and a semi-competitive game. They were orally administered a questionnaire about their perception of the friendship. Findings showed that parents appear to provide nurturing and constructive advice regarding social behaviors more for remedial than enhancing purposes. Results indicated that: (1) parents provided higher quality advice when children were experiencing friendship and peer group difficulties than when they were not experiencing social difficulties; (2) children's appraisal of friendship was associated with children's observed friendship behaviors; and (3) children's cognitive appraisal score of a conflictual and betraying friendship had a mediating effect on children's observed friendship behaviors for fathers' advice-giving style and content. Both fathers and mothers gave more positive interpretations of peer interaction outcomes when their child's friendships were less prosocial and perceived as conflictual and betraying. Parents showed less encouragement and less warmth when children's friendships were quite positive and fulfilling. (Several figures present findings. Contains 12 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A