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ERIC Number: ED407098
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Differences in the Predictive Power of Risk Conditions for Cognitive Competence and Academic Achievement.
Spiel, Christiane; And Others
This study examined the effects that cumulation of slight risks-prenatal up to adolescence-had on cognitive competence and school achievement in Austrian students who had not been identified as being at risk. Data were collected on 91 randomly selected 11- to 13-year-olds who participated in the Vienna Developmental Study, which analyzed conditions that facilitate or hinder the development of social competence and school achievement. The following risk conditions were included in the analysis: biological risks, socioeconomic status, hospitalization, severe strains or life events, and change of teacher. Regression analyses indicated that while school achievement and knowledge could be better explained from risk conditions in girls than in boys, performance could be better explained from risk conditions in boys than in girls. The development of girls seemed to be more influenced by biological conditions and hospitalization in the first year of life, while boys seemed to be more affected by life events and change of teachers, risk conditions that occurred later in life. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Austria