ERIC Number: ED407086
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
A Workable Balance: Report to Congress on Family and Medical Leave Policies.
Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
The competing demands of the workplace and the home have intensified over the last 25 years as the nation has experienced dramatic social and economic changes affecting businesses, employees, and families. In 1993, Congress passed the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) to provide a national policy that supports families in their efforts to strike a balance between the demands of home and work. This report from the Department of Labor's Commission on Leave provides an initial assessment of family and medical leave policies in general and of the FMLA in particular. The report includes a discussion and analysis of the pertinent research, including a review of the literature, two commissioned surveys, a number of smaller studies, and three public hearings on family and medical leave. The findings indicate that the FMLA has had a positive impact on employees overall. The legislation has succeeded in replacing the piecemeal nature of voluntary employer leave policies and state leave statutes with more consistent and uniform standards. The findings also indicate that the FMLA has not been the burden to business that some had feared. For most employers, compliance is easy, the costs are nonexistent or small, and the effects are minimal. The findings indicate that most periods of leave are short, most employees return to work, and reduced turnover seems to be a tangible positive effect. Findings suggest that the FMLA is a significant step in helping a larger cross-section of working Americans meet their medical and family caregiving needs while still maintaining their jobs and economic security. The report concludes with seven appendices, including a fact sheet on the FMLA, commissioner biographies, commission activities, additional views of commissioners, tables, information on the surveys, and a 98-item bibliography. (SD)
Descriptors: Dual Career Family, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Employee Assistance Programs, Employer Employee Relationship, Family Environment, Family Health, Family Life, Family Problems, Family Programs, Family Work Relationship, Federal Legislation, Labor Conditions, Leaves of Absence, Medical Services, Quality of Working Life, Work Environment
Women's Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Suite S-3002, Washington, DC 20210.
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Family and Medical Leave Act 1993