ERIC Number: ED406828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct
Development of Communication Strategies among Foreign Language Learners.
Stewart, Stuart; Pearson, Lynn
Mountain Interstate Foreign Language Review, v5 p112-27
A study investigated the nature and effectiveness of communication strategies (CSs) used in a negotiation task involving native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (NNSs) of Spanish. Subjects were eight university students divided into NS/NNS dyads; the NSs were studying English and the NNSs were studying third- and fourth-semester Spanish. The negotiation task was a role-playing exercise involving a hairstylist (acted by the NNS) and client (NS) attempting to arrange an appointment with conflicting schedules. Interactions were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. Results found CSs used almost equally by NSs and NNSs. CSs identified included appeal for assistance, word approximation, literal translation, self-repair, repetition, clarification request, confirmation check, code-switch, and rephrasing. Some CSs were used by only NSs or NNSs, not both. The success of an interaction was not measurable by the number of CSs used, but by the types, and each dyad showed different CS patterns. Advantages of each CS are discussed briefly. Contains 25 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mountain Interstate Foreign Language Conference (Knoxville, TN, October 1994).