ERIC Number: ED406691
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Scientific Reasoning and Achievement in a High School English Course.
Kral, E. A.
Skeptical Inquirer, v21 n3 p34-39 May-Jun 1997
A Piagetian-based, systematic instructional theory developed by A. E. Lawson was used as a reasoning model in a 12th-grade English course at Grand Island Senior High in Grand Island, Nebraska, from 1982 to 1991. The thinking patterns that comprised the hypothetical-deductive stage of human intellectual development used in the course were combinatorial thinking, identification and control of variables, proportional thinking, probabilistic thinking, and correlational thinking. The development of hypothetical-deductive thinking can be stimulated through self-regulation, in which a person actively searches for relationships and patterns to resolve contradictions and bring coherence to a new set of experiences. Systematic instruction included various teaching behaviors and procedures, inquiry-oriented methods, and the learning cycle. The curriculum of the course contained literature and composition activities normally expected in a traditional course. The activities were restructured in the form of 18 learning cycles. A 3-year study of control and experimental groups using a pretest and posttest design included results of the American College Test and a specially designed questionnaire. Results indicated that the hypothetical-deductive reasoning pattern can be embedded into and successfully transferred across various curricula with a measurable improvement both in reasoning and subject-matter achievement. (Contains 11 references, and 4 tables and 1 figure of data.) (RS)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nebraska