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ERIC Number: ED406653
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Phonological and Semantic Processing in Reading Disabled Children.
Assink, Egbert; Soeteman, Wietske
Poor readers and reading age level controls performed a primed picture naming task and a lexical decision task. Additionally, vocabulary performance was assessed for both groups. Subjects were 42 Dutch children--mean age for the poor readers was 145 months and for controls was 117 months. In the picture naming task there were three priming conditions: repeated, semantically related, and unrelated. Picture items represented early acquired and late acquired words. In the lexical decision task the same items were represented, now as printed words. In addition to words, pseudoword and nonword items were used. Picture naming data showed that poor readers were slower in the repeated prime condition only. This effect could not be explained by differences in vocabulary. Semantically related primes were ineffective, in comparison to the repeated prime condition. Lexical decision data replicated the poor readers' nonword reading deficit: poor readers were slower, especially on the nonwords. A separately conducted analysis of the real word data showed strong effects of acquisition age in addition to between reader group differences. Late-acquired words took longer reaction times. Vocabulary performance as covariate could explain the between group effects in this task. Findings suggest that semantic and phonological processing independently contribute to reading deficits. (Contains 10 references and 2 figures of data.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A