ERIC Number: ED406589
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jul
Inaccurate Gender Stereotypes regarding GPAs and Representation of Female Students by Major.
Beyer, Sylvia; Gross, Nicholas
The purpose of this paper is to empirically assess the accuracy of gender stereotypes, questioning whether stereotypes are highly inaccurate exaggerations of relatively minor real gender differences or accurate reflections of real gender differences. An assessment was made of the gender stereotypes of college students regarding the average grade point averages (GPAs) and percentage of female and male students in 12 different college majors. Participants' (154 female and 111 male students) perceptions were compared to actual GPAs and the actual percentage of female and male students in these majors. Thus, the extent to which participants' perceptions were stereotypic and inaccurate could be assessed. Participants underestimated the percentage of females in nine majors. In addition, participants overestimated the GPAs of male students more than the GPAs of female students. This was especially pronounced for male-dominated majors. The results of this study indicate that gender stereotypes are highly inaccurate and detrimental to the educational advancement of females. Findings are illustrated in appended tables and graphs. Contains 32 references. (LSR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Society (8th, San Francisco, CA, July 1996).