ERIC Number: ED406555
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Responses to Defense Cutbacks: Demonstration Evaluation Findings. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-A.
Social Policy Research Associates, Menlo Park, CA.; Berkeley Planning Associates, Oakland, CA.
The Defense Conversion Adjustment (DCA) Demonstration, administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Work-Based Learning, consisted of 19 demonstration projects that used three approaches to alleviate the negative impacts of defense cutbacks on communities, firms, and workers: community planning, dislocation aversion, and worker mobility. The DCA Demonstration's short-term outcomes and effectiveness of the approaches used in its individual demonstration projects were evaluated through a case study methodology that included three visits to each demonstration site, interviews with project administrators and other demonstration partners (including participating firms, community agencies, and selected individuals receiving demonstration services), and a review of relevant written materials. The DCA Demonstration was shown to contain both successes and failures. The community planning projects confirmed that local-level employment and training organizations are eager and willing to engage in long-term planning. The dislocation aversion projects demonstrated that, by encouraging firms to invest in training incumbent workers as a readjustment strategy, the public sector can help companies stabilize/increase their sales while simultaneously helping workers retain their jobs and enhance their skills. Although the worker mobility projects attempted to be innovative, most did not improve on existing service delivery designs of the Title III dislocated worker system. (Fact sheets on all 19 DCA projects are included.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Agency Role, Case Studies, Community Planning, Cooperative Planning, Delivery Systems, Demonstration Programs, Dislocated Workers, Economic Development, Local Issues, Occupational Mobility, Policy Formation, Prevention, Private Sector, Program Effectiveness, Public Agencies, Public Policy, Public Sector, Retraining, Structural Unemployment, Underemployment
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Social Policy Research Associates, Menlo Park, CA.; Berkeley Planning Associates, Oakland, CA.