ERIC Number: ED406502
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
A Primer for Analyzing Educational Effectiveness and Efficiency. Number 94-5.
Anderson, L.; And Others
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is an objective statistical technique for discovering the comparative ranking of organizations with respect to their efficiency. The technique, which assesses the relationship between resources (inputs) and outcomes (outputs) may also be used to discover what variables make organizations effective and efficient in order to improve them. This report explains the use of DEA to assess the effectiveness of schools and to bring about school improvement. The Organizational Health Inventory for Elementary Schools (Hoy, Tarter, and Kottkamp, 1991) was chosen as a framework for examining school effectiveness and efficiency. DEA has the advantage of allowing multiple sources of input and multiple outputs. The use of DEA is illustrated through a hypothetical study of elementary schools in an urban context that used the following school-level variables as inputs: student achievement in vocabulary, reading, and mathematics; attendance; stability; expenditures per student; number of teachers per 100 students; and percentages of students for whom English is the home language. The linear programming of the DEA system allows the development of minimum and maximum efficiency scales. An appendix presents the DEA model for a specific case. (Contains 3 tables, 2 figures, and 21 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Research Center on Education in the Inner Cities, Philadelphia, PA.