ERIC Number: ED406485
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Confronting Crisis. A Comparative Study of Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability in Four Poor Urban Communities. Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series No. 8.
Moser, Caroline O. N.
This volume presents the main findings of a comparative study of four poor urban communities in countries experiencing economic difficulties during the late 1980s: Chawama (Zambia), Cisne Dos (Ecuador), Commonwealth (the Philippines), and Angyalfold (Hungary). The study extended a longitudinal community panel study begun in Ecuador by using a sociological survey and anthropological participant observations in all four communities. The case studies revealed interesting contrasts among these communities, but they also revealed some important similarities. In all four communities, labor was the greatest asset of the poor, and a frequent response to declining real income was to mobilize additional labor, even that of children. The poor are in many cases less able to earn incomes in the present economic structure. In all these communities housing is an important asset to cushion against severe poverty. Changes in household structure to strengthen family support networks are both a result of vulnerability and a strategy against it in all four communities. Strategies devised to reduce vulnerability sometimes impose unequal burdens on household members, especially women. Economic crisis in all these communities can exert strengthening and weakening pressures that show that a community's ability to cope with economic difficulties is influenced by its social capital. Four appendixes, which contain 2 boxes and 36 tables, describe the communities, study methodology, the analysis of poverty in this study, and community and country statistical data. Tables A4.12 through A4.17 (pages 92-93) provide data on the educational level of household heads or adult population for all four communities studied. (Contains 22 boxes, 10 figures, and 8 tables.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Child Labor, Community Characteristics, Comparative Analysis, Coping, Economic Factors, Foreign Countries, Labor Market, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Social Capital, Social Support Groups
The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433 ($8.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Ecuador; Hungary; Philippines; Zambia