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ERIC Number: ED406465
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Inside an Urban Elementary School in the People's Republic of China.
Ashmore, Rhea Ann
Field observations of a visiting foreign exchange scholar (English teacher) and interview responses from teachers and students are the basis for this description of an urban elementary school in Shanghai (People's Republic of China). The school day begins with group exercise, which is repeated at about 2-hour intervals throughout the school day, which lasts from the early morning to late afternoon. Conditions are spartan, but teachers put great effort into presenting their lessons. As is typical of Chinese schools, the teaching program, principles, and materials are developed and provided by the government. The urban curriculum, which is more complex than the typical rural curriculum, consists of moral education, Chinese, mathematics, natural science, biology, sociology for elementary school, English, geography, history, physical education, music, fine arts, and physical labor. Moral education is based on the "five loves"--love of motherland, people, physical labor, science, and socialism--and focuses on patriotism, collectivism, politeness, and discipline. Basic literacy in Chinese is the focus of the first 3 years. Students first learn to read and write in a form of Chinese that uses the Roman alphabet and then they move to Chinese characters. Mental and written calculation instruction is supplemented with instruction in abacus use. Physical punishment is permitted for disciplinary infractions, but children are generally well-behaved and attentive. Chinese elementary school teachers are usually women, and usually teach one subject, moving from room to room for scheduled classes. (Contains one table and two references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China