ERIC Number: ED406429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Self-Esteem, Locus of Control, and Student Achievement.
Sterbin, Allan; Rakow, Ernest
The direct effects of locus of control and self-esteem on standardized test scores were studied. The relationships among the standardized test scores and measures of locus of control and self-esteem for 12,260 students from the National Education Longitudinal Study 1994 database were examined, using the same definition of locus of control and self-concept (self-esteem) as used in the 1972 National Longitudinal Study, the High School and Beyond, and the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 data sets. Results show that locus of control is significantly correlated with standardized test scores (r=0.29), as is self-esteem (r=0.16). Additionally, the two measures are highly correlated with each other (r=0.58). These findings suggest that the constructs need better operational definitions, perhaps definitions that are more situation specific. Research findings suggest that the relationship between self-esteem and student achievement is more complex than it first appears. Self-esteem is significantly related to socioeconomic status, gender, and locus of control, variables that must be taken into account before the effects of self-esteem on achievement can be assessed. (Contains 4 tables and 12 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Tuscaloosa, AL, November 1996).