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ERIC Number: ED406359
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
General View of Teacher Education Policies of Turkey.
Gursimsek, Isik; And Others
This paper describes the teacher education system in Turkey. It includes an overview of the history of modern teacher education in the country and outlines the current system. The present system actually began in 1924 with the Law on Unification of Education when all schools in Turkey were brought under a Ministry of National Education. Pre-school teacher education began in 1915, even before the Republic of Turkey was established in 1923. The former teacher education system for primary level teachers had separate systems for urban and rural schools, and a village program that educated students to return to their home villages as teachers. In 1954, the system of separate village institutes were closed. The nation-wide training period for primary teachers was 6 years after primary education or 3 years after junior high school until 1971 when it was extended to 7 years after elementary school. In 1973, the National Education Basic Law mandated higher education for all teachers. As of 1996-97, there are 33 universities in Turkey with primary education departments. Current problems facing teaching and teacher education include: low salaries as compared to other degree-holding professions, curriculum that consists of mainly required courses with few electives; little use of educational technology in teacher education; maldistribution in teachers between urban and rural areas; poor infrastructure; and generally low budgets. (JLS)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey