ERIC Number: ED406301
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Daily Life in Japanese High Schools. ERIC Digest.
Johnson, Marcia L.; Johnson, Jeffrey R.
This ERIC Digest asserts that the Japanese education system is one of the most influential agents molding Japanese youth. This influence is especially great due to the large amount of time students spend in schools. Six topics examine aspects of daily high school life: (1) Getting to School; (2) At School; (3) Extracurricular Activities; (4) "Cram Schools"; (5) Entrance Examinations; and (6) Free Time. "Getting to School" emphasizes the way school policies regulate student behavior on the way to and from school, illustrating the schools' limitless responsibility for students, regardless of their location. "At School" explains the importance and organization of the homeroom, lunch activities, school attendance, course selection, and school cleaning and how these activities are conducted to foster responsibility and collectivism. "Extracurricular Activities" examines the types of clubs students participate in and the way that relationships formed in these clubs lay the foundations for future relationships in society. "Cram Schools" characterizes the different types of after school "cram schools" where approximately 60% of Japanese high school students go for supplemental lessons, and describes their role in an overall educational system designed to prepare students for school entrance examinations. "Entrance Examinations" lists the subjects tested and describes the supreme role these examinations play in determining future careers and opportunities. "Free Time" illustrates the way Japanese students spend their time outside of school, including the amount of time devoted to homework, relaxing, and socializing. (Contains seven references.) (MLJ)
Descriptors: Area Studies, Asian Studies, Comparative Education, Educational Environment, Educational Experience, Foreign Countries, Foreign Culture, Global Education, High Schools, Role of Education, School Role, Secondary Education, Social Studies
Social Studies Development Center, 2805 East 10th Street, Suite 120, Bloomington, IN 47408-2698; phone: (800) 266-3815.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Students; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Bloomington, IN.
Identifiers - Location: Japan