ERIC Number: ED406249
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Ethnic Nationalities, Education, and Problems of National Integration in Pakistan.
Kazi, Aftab A.
Asian Profile, v16 n2 p147-161 Apr 1988
This study analyzes the standard Pakistan social studies curriculum to investigate (1) the extent to which it represents ethnic nationalities of Pakistan, and (2) the extent to which it demonstrates its contribution to the process of national cohesion and integration. The findings presented are based on a content analysis (both trend and variable) of a representative sample of standard social studies textbooks used in secondary schools in Pakistan during the 40 years from 1947 to 1987. This time is divided into three major eras of political changes that have dominated the history of modern Pakistan including: (1) the early establishment era from 1947 to 1955 when the one-unit scheme was imposed by the federal government, which abolished both the identity and provincial autonomy of the Pakistani ethnic nationalities; (2) the one-unit era from 1955 to 1968 until the military coup d'etat of President General Yahya Khan, who abolished the one-unit structure under popular unrest and pressure; and (3) the post one-unit era from 1970 to the present during which East Pakistan separated to become Bangala Desh, the first civilian government was established and overthrown, and processes of Islamization were introduced. In the final analysis, the major integrative variable investigated were found to be deficient in their equitable representation of both individual and collective affairs of the Pakistani ethnic nationalities. The national social studies curriculum in Pakistan gives the impression of only representing the migrant community from central India, and portrays the majority of the indigenous Pakistani nationalities as insignificant. The responsible factor appears to be unequal distribution of political power. (DK)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan