ERIC Number: ED406244
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Pluralism and Education in Values. Research Bulletin 74.
The very existence of pluralism and democratic societies is based on a commitment to certain values, since they do not keep their members in line by sheer force. Theoretically this means that antidemocratic values choices of large numbers of people would lead to the end of such societies. Thus a problem encountered by these societies is how to educate commitment to democratic and pluralistic values without violating them. A philosophical framework for a solution to this problem is suggested. The solution is based on a form of moderate value realism which implies that values are part of the objective structure of human reality of which all persons are capable of acquiring knowledge through their experiental structures. For cognitive value education this means that certain values can be objectively preferred on the basis of valid reasons which can be the content of rational discussion and to which the students can take an independent stance on the basis of their value cognitions. Value education in its affective aspect is concerned primarily with motivating for value behavior by confronting the students with the inherently motivating force of values. For the development of value-directed emotions certain attitudinal skills are needed that consist of attitudes marked by benevolence and respect for persons who treat the student as a subject with the freedom for value choices in the face of rich value possibilities. It is suggested that without this kind of "dangerous" freedom persons will not develop a sensitive value consciousness and cannot become autonomous individuals. (Author/KM)
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Freedom, Moral Values, Social Values, Value Judgment, Values Clarification, Values Education
Department of Education, University of Helsinki, Bulevardi 18, SF-00120, Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland