ERIC Number: ED406112
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Suicidal Behaviors and Factors Related to Suicide among Mexican American Youth Identified As Seriously Emotionally Disturbed in Rural Settings.
Severely emotionally disturbed (SED) adolescents are at high risk for substance abuse, self-abuse, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. A study explored the prevalence of depression and suicidal thoughts among Mexican American youth identified as SED, and examined teacher and student experiences of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among SED adolescents. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire were administered to 31 Mexican American SED adolescents in 6 targeted special education classes in 2 rural schools near the Mexican border. Eight students and all six teachers were interviewed. BDI results revealed that 10 of the 31 students had feelings of hopelessness or desire to kill themselves, and 16 were moderately to severely depressed. Results of the screening questionnaire suggested that 10 of the 31 students might have problems with drug or alcohol use. Of the eight students interviewed, four had attempted suicide and an additional three had suicidal thoughts in the past; all reported social and interpersonal conflict at home and school; all had severe family problems; and six felt that special education placement had contributed positively to their emotional and psychological development. All three females interviewed had attempted suicide in the past 3 years, with associated factors being sexual abuse and severe distress in the home. All five males interviewed had a history of violence and aggression. Nearly all teachers had had experiences with suicidal students and felt that they lacked appropriate training and referral knowledge. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Promoting Progress in Times of Change: Rural Communities Leading the Way; see RC 020 986.